首存优惠网站

新聞中心 LATEST NEWS

國內外污泥處理處置技術現狀及未來發展趨勢

發布時間:2020-06-04

隨著城市的快速發展,污水量不斷增加,污水廠提標改造進度持續加快,導致污泥產量大大增加,污泥處理處置的問題必須引起重視。本文探討了歐洲和日本的污泥處理處置方法,分析了我國污泥處理處置的現狀和問題,并結合國外經驗,提出了未來的發展趨勢。


前言

WUSHUICHANGDEJIANSHEYUNXINGBANSUIZHUDALIANGSHENGYUWUNIDECHANSHENG,WUNIZHONGTONGCHANGHANYOURENLEIZHIBINGJUN、ZHONGJINSHUDENGYOUHAIWUZHI,JIANGDUIHUANJINGZAOCHENGERCIWURANBINGWEIXIERENLEIJIANKANG。2016 NIANDI,QUANGUOCHULIWUSHUILIANGDADAO 1.5 YI m3/d,WUNICHANSHENGLIANGYIHANSHUILV 80%JI,ZONGLIANGJIN 3000 WANDUN,SUIZHUSHUILIANGZENGJIAHEWUSHUICHANGTIBIAOGAIZAO,YUJI 2020 NIANWOGUODEWUNICHANLIANGJIANGTUPO 6000 WANDUN(HANSHUILV 80%)[1]。YINCIBIXUCAIYONGDUIHUANJINGANQUANDEFANGSHIJINXINGWUNIDECHULICHUZHI。


國外污泥處理處置

MUQIANRIBENDEWUNICHULIFANGFAYIBANYOUNONGSUO、TUOSHUI、YANYANGXIAOHUA、DUIFEI、FENSHAOHERONGRONGDENG。FENSHAOZHIZAI 800—900℃DEGAOWENXIARANSHAOWUNI。WUNIFENSHAOJISHUSHIXIANLEWUNIZUIDACHENGDUDEJIANLIANGHUA,DANBIDUANZHUYAOYOULIANGDIAN,YISHIFENSHAOGUOCHENGZHONGHUICHANSHENGEREYING,FUNANHEZHONGJINSHUDENGHAIWUZHI;ERSHINENGHAOJIAOGAO,TOUZIYUNXINGCHENGBENGAO。

DANSHIWEILEYOUXIAOJIANQINGTIANMAICHANGDEYALI,GANHUAFENSHAOSHIRIBENZUIPUBIANDEWUNICHULIFANGSHI。RONGRONGZESHIZAI 1300—1800℃XIARANSHAOWUNI。XIANGBIERYAN,RONGRONGDEYOUSHIZAIYUYIXIAJIDIAN:1)YOUYUZAIGAOWENXIAJIEJING,YINCI CHANSHENGJIAOSHAODEEREYING;2)LUZHAKEXUNHUANLIYONG;3)DALIANGJIANSHAOLEGANWUZHITIJI。DANSHIYOUYURONGRONGFAJIANSHEYUNXINGFEIYONGJIAOGAO,JINNIANLAIZHUYAOYINGYONGYUGONGYEFEIQIWUHANLIANGJIAOGAODEWUNI。

污泥處理方式

YOUTU 1 KEZHI,FENSHAOSHIRIBENZUIZHUYAODEWUNICHULIFANGSHI。

RIBENDEWUNICHUZHIFANGSHIYOUTIANMAI、NONGTIANHELVHUALIYONG、FENSHAOHOUDEHUIZHASHENGCHANSHUINIHUOZHIZAOQITAJIANZHUCAILIAORUHUNNINGTUGUCAI、DAOLUJICAIDENG。QIZHONGTIANMAISUOZHANDEBIZHONGZHUNIANXIAJIANG,JUEDADUOSHUZUOWEIJIANCAILIYONG,QICIWEITUDILIYONGDENG。CONGRIBENDEJINGJISHILI、JISHUSHUIPINGHEKONGJIANZIYUANDEXIANZHIXINGLAIKAN,FENSHAOCHULIHOUHUIZHACHUZHIDEJISHULUXIANSHIHESHIDE。ERSHUINIYAONEIWENDUCHAOGUO 1000℃,JIAZHIYAONEIDEJIANXINGHUANJING,KEYIYOUXIAOYIZHIBIAOMIANEREYINGDECHANSHENG,YINCIRIBENZHENGFUGULIWUNIHEFENSHAOHUIZHAJINRUSHUINICHANGXITONGFENSHAO [3]。

OUZHOUWUNICHULIFANGFAYOUYANYANGXIAOHUA、HAOYANGXIAOHUA、TUOSHUI、GANHUADENG。MUQIANDEGUOJIBENSHIXIANWUNIQUANBUJINGYANYANGXIAOHUACHULI,BUDANJIANGDILEJINYIBANDEWUNITIJI,SHIWUNIDADAOWENDINGHUA,XIAOCHUECHOUBINGKECHANSHENGZHAOQIZUOWEINENGYUANXUNHUANLIYONG。DADUOSHUDEOUZHOUWUSHUICHULICHANGCAIYONGJIXIETUOSHUIDEFANGSHI,ZUICHANGYONGDEYICIWEILIXINTUOSHUI,DAISHIYALVHEBANKUANGYALV。WUNIGANHUACHANGDESHULIANGYICONG 1995 NIANDE 110 ZUOZENGCHANGDAO1999 NIANDE 370 ZUO,DAO 2009 NIANYIYOU 450 ZUO [4]。CONGOUZHOUMUQIANDEWUNICHUZHIFANGSHIJIWEILAIDEYUCELAIKAN,TIANMAISUOZHANDEBIZHONGJIANGJIXUXIAJIANG,ERFENSHAOHOUZIYUANLIYONGZECHENGXIANSHANGSHENGQUSHI。TUDILIYONG(ZHIJIELIYONGHUODUIFEIHOULIYONG)JIFENSHAOHOUZIYUANLIYONGJIANGSHIWEILAILIANGZHONGZHUYAODECHUZHIFANGSHI。XIANGJIANTU 2。

污泥處理方式2


我國污泥處理處置

我國的污泥處理方式

WOGUOMUQIANZHUYAODEWUNICHULIFANGSHIBAOKUONONGSUO、DIAOLI、TUOSHUI、WENDING、GANHUADENG。YOUQIYINONGSUO、DIAOLIHETUOSHUIWEIZHU,GANHUALVHENDI。

NONGSUO,ZHUYAOYOUZHONGLINONGSUO、FUXUANNONGSUOHEJIXIENONGSUODENG。NONGSUOHOUWUNIDEHANSHUILVTONGCHANGZAI 95% ZUOYOU,HUANXUYAOJINYIBUTUOSHUI。WEILETIGAOWUNIDETUOSHUIXINGNENG,XUYAOTIANJIAHUAXUEYAOJIJINXINGDIAOLI,ZUICHANGYONGDEYOUWUJIXUNINGJIHUOYOUJIJUHEWUDIANJIEZHI,RUJUBINGXIXIANAN、LVYAN、YATIEYANHESHIHUIDENG。DAZHONGXINGWUSHUICHANGDUOCAIYONGDAISHIYINGYONGJISHUTUOSHUI,SUIZHUZHONGGUODUITUOSHUIWUNIHANSHUILVDEYAOQIUYUELAIYUEYAN,BANKUANGTUOSHUIJIXINXINGGAOGANDUWUNITUOSHUIDEBILIZHUNIANSHANGSHENG。MUQIAN,WOGUOWUNIWENDINGHUACHENGDUHUANCHUZAIJIAODISHUIPING,DAO 2010 NIANQUANGUOZHENGCHANGYUNXINGDEYANYANGXIAOHUASHESHIJINYOUBUDAO 20 ZUO。

我國的污泥處置方式

WUNICHUZHISHIZHIWUNIJINGCHULIHOUDEZUIZHONGQUXIANG。ZHONGGUOMUQIANZHUYAODEWUNICHUZHIFANGFAYOUWEISHENGTIANMAI、TUDILIYONG、FENSHAOHOUJIANCAILIYONGDENG,QIZHONGWEISHENGTIANMAISHIZUICHANGYONGDEFANGSHI,YOUGUANBIAOZHUNYUELAIYUEYANGE,BIRUYAOQIUJINTIANMAICHANGDEWUNIHANSHUILVBUNENGCHAOGUO 60%。

TUDILIYONGDEDINGYIJIAOWEIKUANFAN,BAOKUOYUANLINLVHUA、TURANGGAILIANGXIUFUSHIYONG、NONGYELIYONGDENG。MUQIANWOGUOYOUGUANWUNITUDILIYONGDEZHENGCEFAGUIHUANBUGOUWANSHAN,ZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDETUDILIYONGBILIHENDI。RANERSUIZHUWOGUOGENGDITURANGYOUJIZHIDEBUDUANXIAJIANG,ZENYANGJIANGCHULIHOUDEWUNIZUOWEIYOUJITUHUIGUITUDI,SHIXUYAOJIXUTANSUODEYIGEKETI。

WUNIFENSHAODEFANGSHIBAOKUOLIYONGXIANYOULAJIFENSHAOLUFENSHAO,LIYONGGONGYEYONGLUFENSHAO,LIYONGHUOLIFADIANCHANGFENSHAOLUFENSHAO,LIYONGSHUINIYAOCHANSHAOHEDANDUFENSHAODENG。QIYOUDIANZHUYAOYOUJIAODACHENGDUDISHIXIANWUNIJIANLIANGHUA、ANQUANWENDINGHUAHEWUHAIHUA。ZAISHUINIYAOFENSHAODECHANWUKEYIZHIJIEYISHUINIDEXINGSHIBEILIYONG,ERYIQITAFANGSHIFENSHAOCHANSHENGDEHUIZHAKEZUOWEIJIANCAIDEBUCHONG。

我國的污泥處理處置路線

MUQIANPUBIANCAIYONGDECHULICHUZHILUXIANYOU 4 ZHONG。XIANGJIANBIAO 1:

污泥處理處置路線

ZONGHEYISHANG 4 ZHONGCHULICHUZHILUXIAN,YOUYUWOGUODENONGYEZHUNRUXUKESHIFENYANGE,QIEZHOUBIANFULIAOGONGYINGCUNZAIBUWENDINGXING,TUOSHUIWUNIZUOWEINONGYONGDEKENENGXINGBUDA,TUDILIYONGZHUYAOKAOLVYUANLINLVHUALIYONGDENGFANGSHI,HUANXUZHUZHONGCHANXIAOPINGHENGDENGWENTI。WEISHENGTIANMAIDEFANGSHIBUKECHIXU,BUSHOUZHENGCEGULI,MUQIANTIANMAICHANGDUIWUNIJINCHANGDEYAOQIUYEYUELAIYUEGAO,WOGUOTUDIZIYUANDEYANZHONGJINQUEYEXIANZHILEQIWEILAIDEFAZHAN。WUNIFENSHAOHOUJIANCAILIYONGRUHUIZHAZHIZHUAN、ZHISHUINIDENGSHIXIANLEWUNICHUZHIDEZIYUANHUA,SHIYIZHONGXIANGDUIANQUANWENDINGDECHULU。

MUQIAN,SHANGHAISHIDEWUNICHULICHUZHILUXIANYISHENDUTUOSHUIHOUWEISHENGTIANMAIWEIZHU。JIEZHIDAO 2016 NIANDI,QUANSHIRIJUNCHULIWUSHUILIANGDA 712.22 WAN m3,WUNICHANLIANGWEI 856.3DUNGANNI / RI,QIZHONGYUEYOU 65.7% WEISHENGTIANMAI,FENSHAOJINZHANYUE 15.8%(BAOKUODANDUFENSHAOHEHUNSHAODENG)JUEDABUFENHUIZHAYEJINRUDAOTIANMAICHANGTIANMAI,JIANCAIHETUDILIYONGBILIHENDI,JINYOUYUE 8%。DAO 2040 NIAN,QUANSHIGUIHUAWUSHUILIANGYUEWEI 1075-1150 WAN m3/d,KAOLVDAOWUSHUICHANGCHUSHUISHUIZHIBIAOZHUNDETISHENGJISHEBEIWEIXIUHUJIANXIU,YUCE 2040 NIANQUANSHIWUNICHANLIANGYUEWEI 2200 DUNGANNI / RI。SHANGHAISHITUDIZIYUANJINQUE,TIANMAICHANGDEJIANZAOKONGJIANJIWEIYOUXIAN,CHANGQIJIANGWEISHENGTIANMAIZUOWEIZHUYAODEWUNICHUZHIFANGSHISHIBUKEXUEYEBUXIANSHIDE。ERZUOWEIRENKOUMIDUGAO,JINGJIJIAOWEIFADADECHENGSHI,SHANGHAIYURIBENDEWUNICHULICHUZHITIAOJIANSHIFENLEISI,YINCISHIYONGDEWUNICHULICHUZHILUXIANWEIGANHUAFENSHAOHOUJIANCAILIYONGWEIZHU,HAOYANGFAJIAOHOUTUDILIYONGWEIFU,SHENDUTUOSHUIHOUWEISHENGTIANMAIJIANGZUOWEIYINGJIBAODI。ZHEYANGDECHUZHILUXIANYURIBEN、OUZHOUDENGFADAGUOJIASHIXIANGWENHEDE。


結論

CONGRIBENHEOUZHOUDENGFADAGUOJIADEWUNICHULICHUZHIQINGKUANGLAIKAN,WUNIDEZIYUANHUALIYONGSHIWEILAIDEZHONGDIANHEFAZHANQUSHI。YOUQISHIZAISHANGHAI、BEIJINGDENGRENKOUMIJIDEDAXINGCHENGSHI,WEISHENGTIANMAIYIWUFAMANZUKECHIXUFAZHANDEYAOQIU,YINGJIJIXIQUHAODEJINGYAN,JIEHESHIJIQINGKUANG,SHIXIANWUNIDEZIYUANHUALIYONG,ERFEIJINJINZUODAOWUNIDEJIANLIANG。YUCITONGSHI,YINGMINGQUEWUNICHUZHIFANGSHI,ERWUNICHULIFANGANBIXUMANZUWUNICHUZHIDEYAOQIU。MUQIAN,WOGUOXUDUOWUSHUICHANGZAIJIANSHEWUNICHULISHESHISHIBINGWEIKAOLVWANSHANRIHOUDECHUZHILUXIAN,ZAOCHENGCHULIHOUDECHANWUWUCHUKEQUHUOWUFADEDAOYOUXIAOLIYONG。ZAIJINHOUDEGUIHUAJIANSHEZHONG,YINGZAICHONGFENKAOLVCHUZHILUXIANDEJICHUSHANGXUANZECHULIGONGYI,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANWUNIDEJIANLIANGHUA、WUHAIHUA、WENDINGHUAHEZIYUANHUA。

DING BU